As seen on CBC News by Tina Lovgreen on February 15th 2021.
New public service announcement aims to educate people about B.C.’s Family Compensation Act and spark change.
It’s been four months since Ann Forry’s 29-year-old daughter Natasha died from an undiagnosed staph infection, despite repeated visits to Lions Gate Hospital.
“It’s still shocking that she’s even gone, and every night I go to sleep knowing that I won’t see my daughter tomorrow or even be able to talk to her. It’s indescribable, the loss,” said Ann Forry.
What makes it even harder is the lack of legal recourse and accountability, she said. Forry has filed a complaint with the College of Physicians and Surgeons of B.C. but legally, there is little she can do.
In B.C., claims under the Family Compensation Act are limited to “pecuniary loss” — basically income loss and expenses incurred. Since Forry’s daughter, Natasha, did not have dependents or a mortgage, the family will not be able to get any damages.
Other provinces, including Alberta and Saskatchewan, provide a base level of guaranteed compensation for a wrongful death, recognizing damages are warranted for bereavement.
Forry has been calling for changes to the law in B.C. since her daughter’s death and most recently used her skills and connections as a casting director to create a powerful online public service announcement that was released on B.C.’s Family Day.
WATCH | The PSA featuring families who lost loved ones to a wrongful act.
Family members say lost loved ones are ‘worthless’ under B.C. law in emotional PSA.
The video features 14 families who have lost loved ones as a result of a wrongful act, from car accidents to hospital negligence. In the video, the families are seen holding a picture of their loved one while saying their lives were “worthless” in the eyes of the law.
“Because that’s what we have to live with, the reality that our loved ones are worthless to the government and the laws, the justice system. That their future is worthless, that who they were is worthless. It’s such a horrible word to say, but it’s actually the most accurate word to describe how we feel,” said Forry.
Attorney General David Eby said in December that changing the Family Compensation Act is a priority and he is committed to bringing about change during this term of government.
In response to CBC’s request for comment, the Ministry of the Attorney General said “we completely understand the grief and the anger and the need for a recognition of what happened to Natasha and to people who find themselves in a similar situation. That’s why we believe in a need for reform in this area.”
Forry says while Eby has shown compassion over the issue, she would like to see the laws change within six months, not four years.
Shelly James is also featured in the video. Her daughter Chelsea died in 2016, just two weeks before her 24th birthday, when she fell out of a moving party bus.
She had stumbled against the passenger door as the vehicle turned and the door opened, causing her to fall onto the pavement, where she was run over.
Police investigations would later reveal the door was defective and was easily opened by simply pushing on it.
An investigation by the BC Coroners Service found the faulty party bus door passed inspection twice before her death — despite notes from a mechanic recommending repairs. There were no documents to suggest the repairs were ever performed.
But criminal charges were not recommended.
“How she died was so wrong. But there’s been no accountability and no justice,” James said from her home in Prince George.
Chelsea Lynn Mist James was 23 when she died after falling out of a party bus in Vancouver in 2016. (B.C. Coroner’s Service)
James said the close-knit family is forever changed by Chelsea’s tragic death. She described her daughter as outgoing, someone who loved working with children and was a teacher’s aide with hopes of one day becoming a teacher and mother herself.
Trial lawyer Anthony Leoni says the Family Compensation Act needs to be modernized.
In other western provinces, there is a statutory right to bereavement damages that can be received for wrongful death. In some provinces there are mandated amounts, for example $60,000 in Saskatchewan and $82,000 in Alberta.
While those caps are too low, Leoni says, at least they recognize and value human life and serve as a deterrent.
In British Columbia, Leoni says families who lose loved ones who aren’t breadwinners are unlikely to win a court case under the current Family Compensation Act, as damages are strongly correlated to financial loss.
As a result, the current law does not adequately protect victims and society at large, “because if there is no punishment for wrongdoers, there is no deterrence to prevent similar events from happening in the future,” said Leoni, who is also a partner at the Vancouver law firm Rice Harbut Elliott.
“If these cases do not have access to the courts, the family might never learn what happened to their loved one or whether it was preventable. And if we don’t get to the bottom of what happened, corrective measures can’t be taken to ensure that others don’t needlessly lose their lives,” said Leoni.
He suggests the bereavement amount should be tied to inflation so that it increases over time, and claims should be open to siblings in addition to parents, spouses and children.
About the BC Wrongful Death Law Reform Society
‘In Their Name’ is the campaign of ‘The BC Wrongful Death Law Reform Society’ – a BC registered non-profit organization comprised of volunteer families who have lost a loved one to wrongful death in BC and were denied access to justice. In response to the biggest human rights issue facing the province today, our goal is to modernize British Columbia’s antiquated wrongful death legislation, which predates confederation (1846). Under current legislation, the value of a human life is measured only by the deceased’s future lost income, so long as they had dependents.
As a result of the province’s antiquated law, access to justice has been denied to the families of the wrongfully killed who do not meet this discriminatory criteria. This has affected especially vulnerable groups, namely children, seniors, the disabled, and anyone without dependents when they are killed by the negligent or intentional acts of another.
BC is presently the last of all the provinces, yet to have undertaken this critical legislative modernization to allow for dignity, value, and protections for all its citizens under the law.
When it’s ‘free’ to kill in BC, wrongdoers are not held accountable. This lack of general deterrence holds the province back in terms of incentivizing innovation of safety measures and protocols to prevent wrongful deaths in the first place.
Here’s How You Can Get Involved…
The Attorney General of British Columbia, David Eby, is the Minister responsible for the ‘Family Compensation Act’ – the guiding piece of legislation that the civil courts must follow in cases of wrongful death. Minister Eby receives feedback from the regional ‘Members of the Legislative Assembly’ (MLAs) and follows orders from the Premier, John Horgan.
Reform is presently at a standstill, as the BC NDP government does not presently view access to justice for the surviving family members of the wrongfully killed as a priority in this province. This is despite the fact that the families behind our Society have been fighting for modernization for over two decades. And despite the fact that all other provinces, including the Yukon, have already modernized in most cases long ago.
The only way to move this forward is by creating massive public awareness and outcry for legislative modernization. Only under the scrutiny of the public and the media will our politicians be forced to take this necessary, and long overdue action.
How many more people will need to die from the same preventable wrongful actions before our politicians will do their job?
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